Since the Industrial Revolution, the world population has been rising. The flip side of  human prosperity is catastrophic damage to nature and ecosystems. In this essay, I would like to discuss how human activity has been affecting the flora and fauna around the world.






The global temperature is rising at an alarming rate. Scientists have warned that if the temperature goes up at this rate, about 30 percent of sea animals will go extinct by the end of this century. One example of an animal which is on the verge of extinction is polar bears. The Arctic is the most affected place by global warming, and glaciers there are melting faster than ever. As a result, its population has dropped by 27 percent in just five years.







As a consequence of climate change, there has been an outbreak of bark beetles in the U.S. These insects feed on the inner bark of pine trees, and the damaged trees are turned into fuel for wildfire. The eruptive increase in the population is aggravating wildfire, and that is threatening an entire ecosystem in the area.






Some parts of east Africa experienced unusual rainfall, which resulted in the outbreak of Locust. Billions of locusts migrated from East Africa to Middle East Asia to China in search of pastures to eat. The outbreak of locusts wreaked havoc in the region and increased the concern about food insecurity across the world.






Climate change has had a significant impact on entire ecosystems. It is time for human beings to change their attitudes and take serious steps to maintain a healthy ecosystem.



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